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UPSC Exam Pattern 2022
The UPSC Civil Services Examination, also known as IAS Exam, consists of three stages: prelims, mains, and interviews. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds it to select candidates for the IAS, IPS, IFS, and other allied services.
The UPSC exam pattern for prelims, mains, and interviews is covered in this article. It is essential to have a better understanding of the UPSC Exam Pattern. It will help you manage your time more effectively, making your UPSC preparation more efficient. It is also critical to understand the IAS exam pattern in order to align your preparation with all of the exam requirements.
Broadly, UPSC conducts the Civil Service Examination in three phases namely:
- Preliminary Examination
- Main Examination
- Personality Test (Interview)
Candidates who pass all of the rounds are recommended for positions in India’s civil services. Because each round is an elimination round, you must qualify for each one in order to compete in the next. Let us now go over the UPSC Exam Pattern 2022, as well as the marking scheme for each of the papers in the various rounds.
Note: The UPSC CSE 2022 notification will be made available on February 2nd, 2022. The Prelims and Mains Exams are scheduled for June 5th and September 16th, 2022, respectively.
Note: UPSC prelims 2021 were held on October 10, 2021, and the main exam is scheduled to be held from January 7th to 16th, 2022.
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UPSC Exam Pattern For IAS Preliminary Examination
The UPSC CSE Prelims exam consists of two papers: General Studies I and CSAT (General Studies Paper-II). While the CSAT is a qualifying exam, your selection for the UPSC Mains is determined by your performance in the General Studies paper. It means that your performance in the General Studies Paper will be factored into the Prelims Cutoff.
As always, there will be negative marking for incorrect answers. As a penalty for marking the incorrect answer, one-third of the marks allotted for the question would be deducted. However, there will be no deductions if you do not attempt the question. As a result, when it comes to marking doubtful questions, you should only take calculated risks.
Now, let us look at the UPSC Exam pattern for Prelims 2022:
|Name of the Paper||No of Questions||Marks Allotted||Time Allotted||Nature of Exam|
|Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)||100||200||2 hours||The score will be considered for Cut-off|
|Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)||80||200||2 hours||Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.|
The following points should be kept in mind while taking the IAS Exam 2022, according to the UPSC Exam Pattern:
- To be eligible for the Mains, all candidates must take both the General Studies and the CSAT exams.
- The Preliminary score will not be added to the final score. UPSC CSE Prelims 2022 will only serve as a screening tool.
- The Prelims question paper will be bilingual. It will include questions written in both Hindi and English.
- In both papers, there is a negative marking of one-third for each incorrect answer.
UPSC Exam Pattern 2022 For IAS Main Examination
The UPSC Exam Pattern for the Mains is shown in the table below. The IAS Mains Exam is divided into two sections: qualifying and merit-ranking papers. Papers A and B, namely the Language and English papers, will be qualifying. The grades you receive in these papers will not be added to the grades that determine your rank. All of the other papers will be evaluated for merit.
|Paper||Subject||Duration||Total marks||Time Allotted||Nature of paper||Type of Paper|
|Paper A||Compulsory Indian language||3 hours||300||3 hours||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper B||English||3 hours||300||3 hours||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper I||Essay||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper-II||General Studies I||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
The following points should be kept in mind while preparing for UPSC CSE Mains 2022:
- Except for the language papers, Paper A and Paper B, your rank will be determined by your performance in all other papers.
- As a result, your score will be out of a possible total of 1750 points.
- Each paper must have a score of at least 25% in order to be evaluated during the final selection.
- Candidates must write their answers on the answer sheets provided by the UPSC. There will be no extra sheets provided.
General Studies Paper
The subjects which are covered in different General Studies Paper in the Mains Exam are mentioned as under:
|General Studies I||Indian Heritage and Culture, History n Geography, Society|
|General Studies II||Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations|
|General Studies III||Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management|
|General Studies IV||Ethics, Aptitude, Integrity|
List of Optional Subjects for UPSC Mains
Here’s the list of optional subjects that can be opted for UPSC Mains:
|Agriculture||Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science||Anthropology||Botany||Chemistry|
|Civil Engineering||Commerce and Accountancy||Economics||Electrical Engineering||Geography|
|Mechanical Engineering||Medical Science||Philosophy||Physics||Political Science and International Relations|
The options for literature subjects are:
IAS Exam Pattern 2022 | UPSC Interview Process
The interview is the final (last) and most important stage of the selection process. The interview is worth 275 points, bringing the total number of possible points to 2025. The following are some of the qualities that the board looks for in a candidate:
- Mental acuity
- Critical thinking
- Analytical thinking
- Risk assessment skills
- Crisis management skills
- Ability to become a leader
- Intellectual and moral integrity
This was a quick rundown of the UPSC Exam Pattern 2022. Continue to read our articles to stay up to date on the latest exam news. To help you pass this exam, Career Launcher provides detailed courses for both prelims and mains. To learn more about the UPSC Exam Pattern, watch the video below:
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What is UPSC? What does it do?
Ans. UPSC stands for Union public service commission. UPSC is a government body that conducts recruitment examinations for various govt. Services include Civil Service Examination every year to recruit IAS, IPS, IFS, and other allied services.
Q2. What is the educational qualification for the Civil Service exam?
Ans. A bachelor’s degree from a recognized Indian university is required of the candidate. Students in their final year of study, however, are also eligible to apply.
Q3. What is the age limit?
Ans. For the General category, candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 32.
Q4. Any age relaxations for Reserved category Candidates?
Ans. Yes, there is a provision for 3 years of relaxation for the OBC category and a provision for 5 years of relaxation for the SC/ST category. Disabled Defense Service Personnel have 3 years of relaxation, ex-servicemen, including service officers, have 5 years of relaxation, and visually, physically, and hearing-impaired people have up to 10 years of relaxation.
Q5. Is there any limit to attempt the exam?
Ans. General category people can attempt a maximum of 6 times, OBC category people can attempt a maximum of 9 times, SC/ST category people can attempt an unlimited number of times, physically handicapped (both General and OBC category) can attempt an unlimited number of times, SC/ST physically handicapped can attempt an unlimited number of times.
Q6. What is the selection criterion?
Ans. It is a three-stage examination.
- The preliminary examination consists of an objective paper (comprise of 2 papers GS and CSAT).
- The main examination (descriptive)
- Personality development assessment (interview)
A candidate must pass the preliminary exam in order to sit for the mains exam. If you are selected for the interview after the mains exam, you will be contacted. Both the Mains and the Interview marks are used to determine the final ranking.
Q7. What is the pattern of the preliminary exam?
Ans. It consists of two MCQ-based papers that are given on the same day. The general studies paper – 1 consists of 100 two-mark questions. The General Studies paper-2 (CSAT) consists of 80 2.5-point questions. CSAT, on the other hand, is a qualifying exam. To qualify, candidates must obtain a minimum of 33.33 percent or 66 marks. Only GS paper- 1 marks are taken into account for the cutoff. In both papers, there is a 1/3rd negative for each incorrect answer.
Q8. What is the pattern for the UPSC Mains exam?
Ans. It consists of 9 descriptive papers that are completed in 5 days. Paper A (language paper, you can choose any language prescribed by UPSC, but this paper is not compulsory for candidates from North-Eastern states of India) and Paper B (compulsory English language) are both qualifying. The remaining papers, Paper I – Paper VII, are used to calculate the Main Score, with each paper worth 250 points.
Q9. What is the IAS Exam pattern of the UPSC main?
Ans. In the UPSC Mains, there are two compulsory language papers, four general studies papers, and two optional papers. The total number of marks for the exam is 1750, and each paper lasts three hours. The Main exam details can be found here.
Q10. How many subjects are there for IAS Prelims?
Ans. Economics is one of the seven compulsory subjects for the IAS Prelims. Geography and History Sociology of the Environment Civics in Political Science Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are examples of general sciences.
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